Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Arsenic poisoning
What is arsenic?
Arsenic is a grey-appearing chemical element (atomic number 33, symbol As in the periodic table) also termed a metalloid. Arsenic can exist in a metallic state in three forms (yellow, black, and gray; with gray predominating) and in ionic forms. Arsenic is considered to be a heavy metal, and arsenic toxicity shares some features with poisonings by other heavy metals. Historically, arsenic has been used as a medicinal a Read More
- Brandt syndrome
Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a disorder of zinc metabolism that occurs in one of two forms: an inborn (congenital) form and an acquired form. The inborn form of AE is a rare genetic disorder characterized by intestinal abnormalities that lead to the inability to absorb zinc from the intestine. The lack of zinc presents, characteristically, as: (1) skin inflammation with pimples (pustular dermatitis) occurring around the mouth and/or an Read More
Campylobacteriosis is an infection caused by bacteria you can get from contaminated food and water. It causes diarrhea. You might also hear it called campylobacter, campylobacter infection, or campylobacteriosis gastroenteritis.
- Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease facts
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines.
The cause of Crohn's disease is unknown.
Crohn's disease can cause ulcers in the small intestine, colon, or both.
Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss are symptoms of Crohn's disease.
Crohn's disease of the small intestine may cause obstruction of the intestine.
Crohn' Read More
A uncommon inherited metabolic condition called blue diaper syndrome is characterised by an inefficient intestinal digestion of the vitamin tryptophan.Blue diaper syndrome is a rare inborn metabolic defect that is typically identified when an infant's diapers show odd blue stains from pee (indoluria). This happens when excessive amounts of unabsorbed tryptophan are broken down by gut microorganisms.Dig Read More
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome (cvs)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is characterized by episodes of severe vomiting that have no apparent cause. Episodes can last for hours or days and alternate with symptom-free periods. Episodes are similar, meaning that they tend to start at the same time of day, last the same length o Read More
- Cyclospora infection
Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
Cyclospora is a small parasitic organism that is passed to humans when they ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected person.
It is most common in tropical countries, and imported foods such as lettuce have caused outbreaks in the United States. Travelers to tropical or subtropical countries are at risk, although the risk is relatively low.
Diarrhea is th Read More
Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
Most patients with diverticulosis (diverticular disease) have few or no symptoms.
Abdominal pain, constipation, and diarrhea, can occur with diverticulosis, which then may be called diverticular disease.
Diverticulosis can be diagnosed with barium X-rays, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, or CT scan.
Treatment of diverticulosis can include high fiber diet, and anti- Read More
- Enterovirulent e. coli (eec)
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) are bacteria that comprise several groups of E. coli serovars, all of which may cause diarrhea and other problems in the intestines.
EEC bacteria can cause a wide range of symptoms ranging from mild to bloody diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramping and dehydration. Different groups often produce less (EAEC group) or more intense symptoms (EHEC group) Read More
- Gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
The stomach, small intestine and large intestine (colon) are part of your digestive tract, which processes the foods you eat. Viral gastroenteritis is an inflammation of these organs caused by a virus.
Although it's commonly called stomach flu, gastroenteritis isn't the same as influenza. The flu (influenza) affects only your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Gastroenteritis, on the other hand, attacks your intest Read More
- Glioma-polyposis syndrome
Glioma-polyposis deficiency syndrome is a rare genetic condition that is characterized by the cohabitation of malignancies of the central nervous system and benign growths (adenomatous polyps) in the mucosal lining of the gastrointestinal tract.Depending on where it is and how quickly it is growing, a glioma can limit your brain's function and pose a threat to your life. The cause of glioma is still, like that Read More
- Ibs (irritable bowel syndrome) triggers and prevention
IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) triggers and prevention is a condition that is chronic, and the large intestines are affected by it. Symptoms may vary from person to person and are as follows.Cramping - In IBS, severe abdominal pain occurs, and such cramping happens in the lower abdomen. Cramping in the abdomen helps to know if one is suffering from IBS.Bowel movement - In IBS, the timing of the stool remai Read More
- Irritable bowel syndrome in children
What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning it is a problem caused by changes in how the GI tract works. Children with a functional GI disorder have frequent symptoms, but the GI tract does not become damaged. IBS is not a disease; it is a group of symptoms that occur together. The most common symptoms of IBS are abdominal pain or discomfort, often reported as Read More
- Lactose intolerance
Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest and absorb lactose (the sugar in milk) that results in gastrointestinal symptoms when milk or food products containing milk are consumed.
- Listeriosis (listeria monocytogenes infection)
Listeriosis is an infection caused by a gram-positive motile bacterium named Listeria monocytogenes. The infection produces fever, muscle aches, and, in many people, diarrhea. Severe infections can cause headaches, meningitis, convulsions, and death. Most healthy people exposed to the bacteria have minor or no symptoms, but a few people, especially the elderly, pregnant females and their fetus, newborns, and anyone with a compromised immune sy Read More
- Mallory weiss syndrome
Cuts and splits on the lining and inner layers of the esophagus due to many forceful reasons like vomiting or straining, Mallory Weiss Tears. The burning and irritation due to these tears are called Mallory Weiss Syndrome.It is generally felt at an early stage when the cuts are not so deep. But the continuous flow of solid food and the use of vocal cords can raise the issue further.Risk factors:It Read More
- Mallory-weiss laceration
A tear or split in the mucous membrane or inner lining, where the esophagus (lower esophageal tissue) joins the stomach, characterizes Mallory-Weiss Laceration. This condition can occur as a result of severe vomiting.Symptoms of Mallory Weiss LacerationMWS is not usually accompanied by symptoms. This occurs more frequently in milder cases where esophageal tears result in minimal bleeding and heal quickl Read More
- Salmonella typhi infection
Possible signs and symptoms of salmonella infection include:
Stomach (abdominal) cramps
Blood in the stool
Signs and symptoms of salmonella infection generally last a few days to a week. Diarrhea may last up to 10 days, but it may take several months before bowels return to usual stool habits. Read More
- Travelers' diarrhea
The most common signs and symptoms of traveler's diarrhea are:
Abrupt onset of passage of three or more looser watery stools a day
An urgent need to defecate
Sometimes, people experience moderate to severe dehydration, persistent vomiting, a high fever, bloody stools, or severe pain in the abdomen or rectum. If you or your ch Read More
- Trichinosis (trichinellosis)
After you eat roundworm (trichinella) larvae, they grow into adult worms in your small intestine. The adults then produce larvae that move through the bloodstream to muscle tissues, shown here.
Signs and symptoms of trichinosis infection and how severe the infection is can vary. This depends on the number of larvae eaten in the infected meat.
Possibly no signs or symptoms
Mild cases of trichinosis — those with onl Read More
Typhoid is an infectious disease that causes fever, also known as enteric fever. The causative agents are salmonella typhi and paratyphi. Typhoid presents non-specific symptoms. It initially starts with nausea and vomiting that progress to abdominal pain, anorexia, and bloating. It is followed by a small asymptomatic phase that leads to a high fever. If left undiagnosed and treated, the abdominal distress worsens and causes bo Read More
- Ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the large intestine (colon). The colon is the part of the digestive system where water is removed from undigested material, and the remaining waste material is stored. The rectum is the end of the colon adjacent to the anus. In patients with ulcerative colitis, ulcers and inflammation of the inner lining of the colon lead to symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.
Ulcer Read More
- Whipple disease
Digestive signs and symptoms are common in Whipple disease and may include:
Stomach cramping and pain, which may worsen after meals
Weight loss, associated with the malabsorption of nutrients
Other frequent signs and symptoms associated with Whipple disease include:
Inflamed joints, particularly the ankles, knees and wrists